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Latest Innovations in the field of AI & ML

Artificial Intelligence can replicate human intelligence to perform actions, logical reasoning, learning, perception, and creativity. An intelligent machine developed by humans to input requests and receive the desired output.

Machine Learning is an artificial intelligence subdiscipline and technique for developing self-learning computer systems. ML platforms are gaining popularity because of high definition algorithms that perform with the utmost accuracy.

Neural Networks a technique of Artificial Intelligence modeled similar to the human brain, can learn and keep improving with the experience and learns with each task.

Deep learning is unsupervised learning, the next generation of artificial intelligence computers that teach themselves to perform high-level thought and perception-based actions.

Market Size:

Global Machine Learning Market was valued at $1.58 billion in 2017 expected to reach $8.8 billion by 2022 and  $20.83 billion by 2024.

Artificial Intelligence predicted to create $3.9 trillion of value for business and cognitive and AI systems will see worldwide investments of $77.6 billion by 2022.

AI and ML have the capability of creating an additional value of $2.6 Trillion in Sales & Marketing and $2 Trillion in manufacturing and supply chain planning by the year 2020.

Unmanned ground vehicles have registered revenues of $1.01 billion globally, in 2018 and expected to reach $2.86 billion by 2024.

Autonomous Farm Equipment market worldwide is projected to reach over $86.4 Billion by the year 2025.

Key Players in Artificial Intelligence:

  • Apple
  • Nvidia Corporation
  • Baidu
  • Intel Corp.
  • Facebook
  • AlphaSense
  • Deepmind
  • iCarbonX
  • Iris AI
  • HiSilicon
  • SenseTime
  • ViSenze
  • Clarifai
  • CloudMinds

Industries Artificial Intelligence Serves:

  • Retail
  • HR & Recruitment
  • Education
  • Marketing
  • Public Relations
  • Healthcare and Medicine
  • Finance
  • Transportation
  • Insurance

Artificial Intelligence can be applied in:

  • Face Recognition
  • Speech Recognition
  • Image Processing
  • Data Mining
  • E-mail Spam Filtering
  • Trading
  • Personal Finance
  • Training
  • Job Search
  • Life and Vehicle Insurance
  • Recruiting Candidates
  • Portfolio Management
  • Consultation
  • Personalized marketing
  • Predictions

Key Players in Machine Learning

  • Google Inc.
  • SAS Institute Inc.
  • FICO
  • Hewlett Packard Enterprise
  • Yottamine Analytics
  • Amazon Web Services
  • BigML, Inc.
  • Microsoft Corporation
  • Predictron Labs Ltd.
  • IBM Corporation
  • Fractal Analytics
  • H2O.ai
  • Skytree
  • Ad text

Industries Machine Learning Serves:

  • Aerospace
  • BFSI
  • Healthcare
  • Retail
  • Information Technology
  • Telecommunication
  • Defense
  • Energy
  • Manufacturing
  • Professional Services

Machine Learning can be applied in:

  • Marketing
  • Advertising
  • Fraud Detection
  • Risk Management
  • Predictive analytics
  • Augmented & Virtual Reality
  • Natural Language Processing
  • Computer Vision
  • Security & Surveillance

Future of AI & ML:

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning can support in every task, predict the damages, ease the processes, bring better control and security to the applications and make businesses profitable. Overcome the challenges of every field with AI & ML technology.

In the future, the subsets of AI like Natural language generation, speech recognition, face recognition, text analytics, emotion recognition, and deep learning.

Natural Language Generation converts the data into text for computers to understand and communicate with the user. It can generate reports and summaries using applications created by Digital Reasoning, SAS, Automated Insights, etc.

Speech recognition understands the human language and these interactive systems respond using voice. The apps with voice assistants are preferred by many who don’t prefer text or have typing constraints and lets you pass on instructions while you are busy in other work, cooking, cleaning or driving, etc. E.g. Siri, Alexa, etc. Companies that offer speech recognition services are OpenText, Verint Systems, Nuance Communications, etc.

Virtual Agents interact with humans to provide better customer service and support. Commonly used as chatbots these are becoming easy to build and use. Companies providing virtual agents are Amazon, Apple, Microsoft, Google, IBM, and a few others.

Text Analytics helps machines to structure the sentences and find the precise meaning or intention of the user to improve the search results and develop machine learning.

NLP – Natural language processing helps applications to understand human language input, analyze large amounts of natural language data. It converts unstructured data to structured data for a speedy response to queries.

Emotion Recognition is AI technology that allows reading human emotions by focusing on the face, image, body language, voice, and feelings they express. It captures intention by observing hand gestures, vocabulary, voice tone, etc. E.g. Affectiva Emotion AI is used in industries such as gaming, education, automotive, robotics, healthcare industries, and other fields

Deep learning a machine learning technology that involves neural circuits to replicate the human brain for data processing and creating patterns for decision-making. Companies offering deep learning services are Deep Instinct, Fluid AI, MathWorks, etc.

Every sub-discipline of AI technology is worth exploring. Present-day applications are using these technologies to some extent and in the future, we will see outbursts and advance applications to benefit society and industries.

AI & ML innovations

1. Searches: AI technology has improved the way people search for information online, the text, image and speech search enabled with the recommendations from the search engines. Optimum search in minimum effort and time, faster response rate and relevant results along with the options to suit your requirements are what you can expect as a user. Better search optimizes web content, helps in lowering marketing and advertising expenses, increase in sales and productivity. Eg. Amazon Echo, Google Home, Apple’s Siri, and Microsoft’s Cortana deliver the best search experience. Google’s assistant receives voice instructions for about 70% of its searches.

2. Web Design: Companies know of the fact that how important it is to keep the websites working, creating a user-friendly website that is less expensive. Updating websites is another challenge. AI applications can empower you with pre-built designs of websites; assist you in creating one without any technical expertise, by uploading some basic content, images, etc. Select the buttons for call to action, themes, and formats to create a website that can interact with the user. Better user experience considers the location, demographics, interactions and the speed of analyzing the search and personalizing web experiences. Great web experience has a high probability of conversion. You may even add a chatbot to the website for faster query resolution and increased sales.

3. Banking and Payments: AI can automate transactions, help to schedule transactions and make general and utility payments. Personalized banking can let the banks focus on customer wise preferences and share product information of utmost relevance. Customers investing in the FDs, stocks, NFOs or even based on age to approach with specific marketing material. Loans and its procedures can be automated and the basic level information is shared using chatbots. Perform KYC checks necessary for continuing service from the banks. E.g. Simudyne is an AI-based platform for investment banking. Secure is AI and ML-based identity verification system for KYC.

4. E-Commerce: Retailers achieved a competitive edge using AI technology. It has recommendation systems based on location, age, gender, past purchases, stored preferences, (customer-centric search, etc. Tailor-made recommendations increase the chances of customers visiting the site and making a purchase or even return at a later stage to avail discounts. Chatbots are used for 24×7 customer support, image search lets users find the product faster without entering any text, better the decision making by comparisons and after-sales service. Companies benefit in inventory management, data security, customer relationship management and sales improvement using AI technology. IBM’s Watson assists customers with independent research about the factors relating to the product, its advantages, specifications, restrictions and multiple products that match the criterion.

5. Supply Chain and Logistics: This industry has benefited from the AI technology in improving operations, reducing shipping costs, easy tracking of vehicles, maintenance of vehicles, know about the condition in which the parcel was delivered, real-time reporting and feedback. It can help in quality checks for manufacturing, managing the supply chain vendors, keeping records of warehouse entries, forecasting the demand for products, reducing freights, planning and scheduling deliveries, etc. AI can automate many functions of supply chain and logistics for increased sales and better customer care.

6. Marketing and Sales: AI automation along with ML can give customers better options of products and prices, personalize the recommendations, eliminate geographical constrains, lower the cost of customer acquisition and maintaining touch with the existing customers. The intelligent algorithms predict what users want and what companies can provide to match the best possible. AI can even predict price trends, manage inventory, and help in decision making for stocking. Marketing activities can be channelized based on preferences and consumer behaviors. Services by companies like Phrasee and Persado can determine the perfect subject line for an e-mail, organize e-mail in a way that attracts the user to take desired actions. After-sales and customer care is an important aspect for companies expecting returning customers.

Overall it will increase the profitability of organizations and improve sales and marketing performance. AI can identify new opportunities for business and suggest an effective method too. Predictive analysis is of great help in customer service companies like Netflix and Spotify that run on subscriptions, would like to know if enough registrations are on the way for next month. Decide on additional schemes or marketing efforts are needed for increasing sales.

7. Digital Advertising: AI is supporting in marketing and sales, certainly it can assist in better focus for advertisements shown to the users. Google Adwords lets you focus on demographics, interests and other aspects of the audience. Facebook and Google ads are the platforms that use ML & AI for intelligent and accurate displays of relevant ads. Next is an audience management service that uses machine learning to automate the handling of ads for maximum response and it tests it on a variety of an audience to find the most active participation and likely conversions. The highest conversion rates received because of the increased performance of ads using ad text makes a business profitable.

Digital Advertising

Outline:

The continuous progress of Artificial Intelligence and emerging sub-disciplines will lead to customization and improvement in products and services. Human to Chatbot conversations are new but bot to bot conversations, actions, negotiations and much more awaited and is in the developing stage.

The existence of technology will add value to human life, create reliance and businesses will have new openings and challenges to deal with. Intelligent tools will deliver smart solutions and give rise to innovation to cut the competition.

Development tools for AI and ML

Artificial Intelligence a popular technology of computer science is also known as machine intelligence. Machine Learning is a systematic study of algorithms and statistical models.

AI creates intelligent machines that react like humans as it can interpret new data. ML enables computer systems to perform learning-based actions without explicit instructions.

AI global market is predicted to reach $169 billion by 2025. Artificial Intelligence will see increased investments for the implementation of advanced level software. Organizations will strategize technological advancements.

Various platforms and tools for AI and ML empower the developers to design powerful programs.

Tools for AI and ML

Tools for AI and ML:

Google ML Kit for Mobile:

Software development kit for Android and IOS phones enables developers to build robust applications with optimized and personalized features. This kit allows developers to ember the machine learning technologies with cloud-based APIs. This kit is integration with Google’s Firebase mobile development platform.

Features:

  1. On-device or Cloud APIs
  2. Face, text and landmark recognition
  3. Barcode scanning
  4. Image labeling
  5. Detect and track object
  6. Translation services
  7. Smart reply
  8. AutoML Vision Edge

Pros:

  1. AutoML Vision Edge allows developers to train the image labeling models for over 400 categories it capacities to identify.
  2. Smart Reply API suggests response text based on the whole conversation and facilitates quick reply.
  3. Translation API can convert text up to 59 languages and language identification API forms a string of text to identify and translate.
  4. Object detection and tracking API lets the users build a visual search.
  5. Barcode scanning API works without an internet connection. It can find the information hidden in the encoded data.
  6. Face detection API can identify the faces in images and match the facial expressions.
  7. Image labeling recognizes the objects, people, buildings, etc. in the images and with each matched data; ML shares the score as a label to show the confidence of the system.

Cons:

  1. Custom models can grow in huge sizes.
  2. Beta Release mode can hurt cloud-based APIs.
  3. Smart reply is useful for general discussions for short answers like “Yes”, “No”, “Maybe” etc.
  4. AutoML Vision Edge tool can function successfully if plenty of image data is available.

Accord.NET:

This Machine Learning framework is designed for building applications that require pattern recognition, computer vision, machine listening, and signal processing. It combines audio and image processing libraries written in C#. Statistical data processing is possible with Accord. Statistics. It can work efficiently for real-time face detection.

Features:

  1. Algorithms for Artificial Neural networks, Numerical linear algebra, Statistics, and numerical optimization
  2. Problem-solving procedures are available for image, audio and signal processing.
  3. Supports graph plotting & visualization libraries.
  4. Workflow Automation, data ingestion, speech recognition,

Pros:

  1. Accord.NET libraries are available from the source code and through the executable installer or NuGet package manager.
  2. With 35 hypothesis tests including two-way and one-way ANOVA tests, non-parametric tests useful for reasoning based on observations.
  3. It comprises 38 kernel functions e.g. Probabilistic Newton Method.
  4. It contains 40 non-parametric and parametric statistical distributions for the estimation of cost and workforce.
  5. Real-time face detection
  6. Swap learning algorithms and create or test new algorithms.

Cons:

  • Support is available for. Net and its supported languages.
  • Slows down because of heavy workload.

Tensor Flow:

It provides a library for dataflow programming. The JavaScript library helps in machine learning development and the APIs help in building new models and training the systems. Tensorflow developed by Google is an opensource Machine Learning library that aids in developing the ML models and numerical computation using dataflow graphs. Use it by installing, use script tags or through NPM.

Features:

  1. A flexible architecture allows users to deploy computation on one or multiple desktops, servers, or mobile devices using a single API.
  2. Runs on one or more GPUs and CPUs.
  3. It’s yielding scheme of tools, libraries, and resources allow researchers and developers to build and deploy machine-learning applications effortlessly.
  4. High-level APIs accedes to build and train for ML models efficiently.
  5. Runs existing models using TensorFlow.js, which acts as a model converter.
  6. Train and deploy the model on the cloud.
  7. Has a full-cycle deep learning system and helps in the neural network.

Pros:

  1. You can use it in two ways, i.e. by script tags or by installing through NPM.
  2. It can even help for human pose estimation.
  3. It includes the variety of pre-built models and model subblocks can be used together with simple python scripts.
  4. It is easy to structure and train your model depending on data and the models with you are training the system.
  5. Training other models for similar activities is simpler once you have trained a model.

Cons:

  1. The learning curve can be quite steep.
  2. It is often doubtful if your variables need to be tensors or can be just plain python types.
  3. It restricts you from altering algorithms.
  4. It cannot perform all computations on GPU intensive computations.
  5. The API is not that easy to use if you lack knowledge.

Infosys Nia:

This self-learning knowledge-based AI platform accumulates organizational data from people, business processes and legacy systems. It is designed to engage in complicated business tasks to forecast revenues and suggest profitable products the company can introduce.

Features:

  1. Data Analytics
  2. Business Knowledge Processing
  3. Transform Information
  4. Predictive Automation
  5. Robotic Process Automation
  6. Cognitive Automation

Pros:

  1. Organizational Transformation is possible with enhanced technologies to automate and increase operational efficiency.
  2. It enables organizations to continually use previously gained knowledge as they grow and even modify their systems.
  3. Faster data processing adds to the flexibility of data visualization, analytics, and intelligent decision-making.
  4. Reduces human efforts involved in solving high-value customer problems.
  5. It helps in discovering new business opportunities.

Cons:

  1. It is difficult to understand how it works.
  2. Extra efforts needed to make optimum use of this software.
  3. It has lesser features of Natural Language Processing.

Apache Mahout:

Mainly it aims towards implementing and executing algorithms of statistics and mathematics. It’s mainly based on Scala and supports Python. It is an open-source project of Apache.
Apache Mahout is a mathematically expressive Scala DSL (Domain Specific Language).

Features:

  1. It is a distributed linear algebra framework and includes matrix and vector libraries.
  2. Common maths operations are executed using Java libraries
  3. Build scalable algorithms with an extensible framework.
  4. Implementing machine-learning techniques using this tool includes algorithms for regression, clustering, classification, and recommendation.
  5. Run it on top of Apache Hadoop with the help of the MapReduce paradigm.

Pros:

  1. It is a simple and extensible programming environment and framework to build scalable algorithms.
  2. Best suited for large datasets processing.
  3. It eases the implementation of machine learning techniques.
  4. Run-on the top of Apache Hadoop using the MapReduce paradigm.
  5. It supports multiple backend systems.
  6. It includes matrix and vector libraries.
  7. Deploy large-scale learning algorithms using shortcodes.
  8. Provide fault tolerance if programming fails.

Cons:

  1. Needs better documentation to benefit users.
  2. Several algorithms are missing this limits the developers.
  3. No enterprise support makes it less attractive for users.
  4. At times it shows sporadic performance.

Shogun:

It provides various algorithms and data structures for unified machine learning methods. Shogun is a tool written in C++, for large-scale learning, machine learning libraries are useful in education and research.

Features:

  1. Huge capacity to process samples is the main feature for programs with heavy processing of data.
  2. It provides support to vector machines for regression, dimensionality reduction, clustering, and classification.
  3. It helps in implementing Hidden Markov models.
  4. Provides Linear Discriminant Analysis.
  5. Supports programming languages such as Python, Java, R, Ruby, Octave, Scala, and Lua.

Pros:

  1. It processes enormous data-sets extremely efficiently.
  2. Link to other tools for AI and ML and several libraries like LibSVM, LibLinear, etc.
  3. It provides interfaces for Python, Lua, Octave, Java, C#, C++, Ruby, MatLab, and R.
  4. Cost-effective implementation of all standard ML algorithms.
  5. Easily combine data presentations, algorithm classes, and general-purpose tools.

Cons:

Some may find its API difficult to use.

Scikit:

It is an open-source tool for data mining and data analysis, developed in Python programming language. Scikit-Learn’s important features include clustering, classification, regression, dimensionality reduction, model selection, and pre-processing.

Features:

  1. Consistent and easy to use API is also easily accessible.
  2. Switching models of different contexts are easy if you learn the primary use and syntax of Scikit-Learn for one kind of model.
  3. It helps in data mining and data analysis.
  4. It provides models and algorithms for support vector machines, random forests, gradient boosting, and k-means.
  5. It is built on NumPy, SciPy, and matplotlib.
  6. BSD license lets you use commercially.

Pros:

  1. Easily documentation is available.
  2. Call objects to change the parameters for any specific algorithm and no need to build the ML algorithms from scratch.
  3. Good speed while performing different benchmarks on model datasets.
  4. It easily integrates with other deep learning frameworks.

Cons:

  1. Documentation for some functions is slightly limited hence challenging for beginners.
  2. Not every implemented algorithm is present.
  3. It needs high computation power.
  4. Recent algorithms such as XGBoost, Catboost, and LightGBM are missing.
  5. Scikit learns models take a long time to train, and they require data in specific formats to process accurately.
  6. Customization for the machine learning models is complicated.
AI and ML development

Final Thoughts:

Twitter, Facebook, Amazon, Google, Microsoft, and many other medium and large enterprises continuously use improved development tactics. They extensively use tools for AI and ML technology in their applications.

Various tools for AI and ML can ease software development and make the solutions effective to meet customer requirements. Make user-friendly mobile applications or other software that are potentially unique. Using Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning create intelligent solutions for improved human life. New algorithm creation, using computer vision and other technology and AI training requires skills and development of innovative solutions that need powerful tools.