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Applications of Computer Vision in Healthcare

Computer vision is a field that explores ways to make computers identify useful information from images and videos. Think of it as training computers to see as humans do. While this technology has numerous applications in fields such as autonomous vehicles, retail supermarkets, and agriculture, let’s focus on the ways computer vision can benefit healthcare.

In the present scenario, doctors rely on their educated perception to treat patients. Since doctors are also prone to human error, computer vision can guide them through their diagnosis, and thus increase the treatment quality and the doctor’s focus on the patient. Further, patients can have access to the best healthcare services available, all through the swiftness and accuracy of computer vision. While still in its nascent stage, computer vision has already revealed ways in which it can improve multiple aspects of medicine. Here are a few notable ones:

Swift diagnosis:

Applications of Computer Vision

Many diseases can only be treated if they are diagnosed promptly. Computer vision can identify symptoms of life-threatening diseases early on, saving valuable time during the process of diagnosis. Its ability to recognize detailed patterns can allow doctors to take action swiftly, thus saving countless lives.

A British startup, Babylon Health, has been working to improve the speed of diagnosis using computer vision. To see this goal through, they have developed a chatbot which asks health-related questions to patients, whose responses are then, in turn, sent to a doctor. To pull out useful information from patients, the chatbot employs NLP algorithms.

In another example, scientists at the New York City-based Mount Sinai have developed an artificial intelligence capable of detecting acute neurological illnesses, such as hemorrhages or strokes. Also, the system is capable of detecting a problem from a CT scan in under 1.2 seconds — 150x faster than any human.

To train the deep neural network to detect neurological issues, 37,236 head CT scans were used. The institution has been using NVIDIA’s graphics processing units to improve the functioning and efficiency of their systems. 

Computer vision also allows doctors to spend less time analyzing patient data, and more time with the patients themselves, offering helpful and focused advice. This leads to improved efficiency of healthcare and can help in enabling doctors to treat more patients per year.

Health monitoring:

The human body goes through regular changes, but some of the issues it faces on the surface can, at times, represent symptoms of impending disease. These can often be overlooked through human error. With computer vision, there exists a quick way to access a variety of the patient’s health metrics. This information can help patients make faster health decisions and doctors make more well-informed diagnoses. Surgeries could also benefit from such technology.

For example, let’s consider the case of childbirth, based on the findings of the Orlando Health Winnie Palmer Hospital for Women and Babies. The institute has developed an artificial intelligence tool that employs computer vision to measure the amount of blood women lose during childbirth. Since its usage, they have observed that doctors often overestimate blood loss during delivery. As a result, computer vision allows them to treat women more effectively after childbirth.

There are also efforts such as AiCure, another New York-based startup that uses computer vision to track whether patients undergoing clinical trials are adhering to their prescribed medication using facial recognition technology. The goal behind this project is to reduce the number of people who drop out of clinical trials, aka attrition. This can lead to a better understanding of how medical care affects patients, and why.

Computer vision, paired with deep learning, can also be used to read two-dimensional scans and convert them into interactive 3D models. The models can then be viewed and analyzed by healthcare professionals to gain a more in-depth understanding of the patient’s health. Also, these models can provide more intuitive details than multiple stacked 2D images from a wide variety of angles.

Significant developments have taken place in dermatology. Computers are better than doctors at identifying potential health hazards in human skin. This allows for the early detection of skin diseases and personalized skincare options.

Further, no time is lost laboring over hand-written patient reports, since computer vision is capable of automatically drawing up accurate reports using all of the available patient data.

Precise diagnosis:

 The accuracy that computer vision provides eliminates the risk that comes with human judgment. These reliable systems can quickly detect minute irregularities that even skilled doctors could easily miss. 

When these kinds of symptoms are identified quickly, it saves patients the trouble of dealing with complicated procedures later on. Thus, it has the potential to minimize the need for complex surgical procedures and expensive medication.

One example of this would be computer vision’s use in radiology. Computer vision systems can help doctors take detailed X-rays and CT scans, with minimal opportunity for human error. These AI systems allow doctors to take advantage of the systems’ exposure to thousands of historical cases, which can be helpful in scenarios that doctors might not have come across before. The common uses of computer vision within radiology include detecting fractures and tumors.

Preemptive strategies

Computer Vision In Healthcare

Using machine learning, computer vision systems can sift through hundreds of thousands of images, learning with each scan how to better analyze and detect symptoms, possibly even before they present themselves.

This allows the medical professional to pre-emptively treat patients for symptoms of diseases they could develop in the future. Using input data from thousands of different sources, these AI systems can learn what leads to disease in the first place.

Present barriers

While computer vision is a revolutionary technology that will likely change healthcare as it is known today, there are some notable problems associated with the technology.

Firstly, interoperability. The computer vision AI from one region or hospital may not necessarily yield accurate or reliable results for patients outside of its sample data set. Of course, the machine learns with time, but overcoming this barrier could lead to faster adoption of this ground-breaking technology.

Also, there are privacy concerns around the digitization of patient medical data and its provision to artificial intelligence systems. This data vault needs to be stored in secure storage which can be easily accessed by the system, to avoid users with malicious intent.

And these systems aren’t perfect. Even the smallest margin of error cannot be tolerated in this space, because the consequences for wrong diagnoses are very real. These are human lives being dealt with, and the artificial intelligence systems aren’t responsible for providing treatment, only suggesting it. 

Also, there may be cases where the healthcare provider comes up with a diagnosis that conflicts with the computer vision system, leaving patients with a tough decision to make, and the doctors with all the responsibility.


When computer vision is employed effectively in healthcare, it truly holds the potential to improve diagnoses and the standard of healthcare worldwide. This makes sense because doctors rely on images, scans, patient symptoms, and reports to make health-related decisions for their patients. The sheer abundance of use cases employed by computer vision systems make their analysis accurate. Thus, it allows doctors to make these crucial decisions with confidence.

Computer vision systems also allow for quality-of-life improvements, such as less time spent drafting reports, analyzing scans and procuring data. These systems could even be deployed remotely, enabling patients to receive professional medical attention from areas that don’t have easy access to healthcare services. All this lets doctors spend more time with patients, which is what healthcare should be about.

Development tools for AI and ML

Artificial Intelligence a popular technology of computer science is also known as machine intelligence. Machine Learning is a systematic study of algorithms and statistical models.

AI creates intelligent machines that react like humans as it can interpret new data. ML enables computer systems to perform learning-based actions without explicit instructions.

AI global market is predicted to reach $169 billion by 2025. Artificial Intelligence will see increased investments for the implementation of advanced level software. Organizations will strategize technological advancements.

Various platforms and tools for AI and ML empower the developers to design powerful programs.

Tools for AI and ML

Tools for AI and ML:

Google ML Kit for Mobile:

Software development kit for Android and IOS phones enables developers to build robust applications with optimized and personalized features. This kit allows developers to ember the machine learning technologies with cloud-based APIs. This kit is integration with Google’s Firebase mobile development platform.


  1. On-device or Cloud APIs
  2. Face, text and landmark recognition
  3. Barcode scanning
  4. Image labeling
  5. Detect and track object
  6. Translation services
  7. Smart reply
  8. AutoML Vision Edge


  1. AutoML Vision Edge allows developers to train the image labeling models for over 400 categories it capacities to identify.
  2. Smart Reply API suggests response text based on the whole conversation and facilitates quick reply.
  3. Translation API can convert text up to 59 languages and language identification API forms a string of text to identify and translate.
  4. Object detection and tracking API lets the users build a visual search.
  5. Barcode scanning API works without an internet connection. It can find the information hidden in the encoded data.
  6. Face detection API can identify the faces in images and match the facial expressions.
  7. Image labeling recognizes the objects, people, buildings, etc. in the images and with each matched data; ML shares the score as a label to show the confidence of the system.


  1. Custom models can grow in huge sizes.
  2. Beta Release mode can hurt cloud-based APIs.
  3. Smart reply is useful for general discussions for short answers like “Yes”, “No”, “Maybe” etc.
  4. AutoML Vision Edge tool can function successfully if plenty of image data is available.


This Machine Learning framework is designed for building applications that require pattern recognition, computer vision, machine listening, and signal processing. It combines audio and image processing libraries written in C#. Statistical data processing is possible with Accord. Statistics. It can work efficiently for real-time face detection.


  1. Algorithms for Artificial Neural networks, Numerical linear algebra, Statistics, and numerical optimization
  2. Problem-solving procedures are available for image, audio and signal processing.
  3. Supports graph plotting & visualization libraries.
  4. Workflow Automation, data ingestion, speech recognition,


  1. Accord.NET libraries are available from the source code and through the executable installer or NuGet package manager.
  2. With 35 hypothesis tests including two-way and one-way ANOVA tests, non-parametric tests useful for reasoning based on observations.
  3. It comprises 38 kernel functions e.g. Probabilistic Newton Method.
  4. It contains 40 non-parametric and parametric statistical distributions for the estimation of cost and workforce.
  5. Real-time face detection
  6. Swap learning algorithms and create or test new algorithms.


  • Support is available for. Net and its supported languages.
  • Slows down because of heavy workload.

Tensor Flow:

It provides a library for dataflow programming. The JavaScript library helps in machine learning development and the APIs help in building new models and training the systems. Tensorflow developed by Google is an opensource Machine Learning library that aids in developing the ML models and numerical computation using dataflow graphs. Use it by installing, use script tags or through NPM.


  1. A flexible architecture allows users to deploy computation on one or multiple desktops, servers, or mobile devices using a single API.
  2. Runs on one or more GPUs and CPUs.
  3. It’s yielding scheme of tools, libraries, and resources allow researchers and developers to build and deploy machine-learning applications effortlessly.
  4. High-level APIs accedes to build and train for ML models efficiently.
  5. Runs existing models using TensorFlow.js, which acts as a model converter.
  6. Train and deploy the model on the cloud.
  7. Has a full-cycle deep learning system and helps in the neural network.


  1. You can use it in two ways, i.e. by script tags or by installing through NPM.
  2. It can even help for human pose estimation.
  3. It includes the variety of pre-built models and model subblocks can be used together with simple python scripts.
  4. It is easy to structure and train your model depending on data and the models with you are training the system.
  5. Training other models for similar activities is simpler once you have trained a model.


  1. The learning curve can be quite steep.
  2. It is often doubtful if your variables need to be tensors or can be just plain python types.
  3. It restricts you from altering algorithms.
  4. It cannot perform all computations on GPU intensive computations.
  5. The API is not that easy to use if you lack knowledge.

Infosys Nia:

This self-learning knowledge-based AI platform accumulates organizational data from people, business processes and legacy systems. It is designed to engage in complicated business tasks to forecast revenues and suggest profitable products the company can introduce.


  1. Data Analytics
  2. Business Knowledge Processing
  3. Transform Information
  4. Predictive Automation
  5. Robotic Process Automation
  6. Cognitive Automation


  1. Organizational Transformation is possible with enhanced technologies to automate and increase operational efficiency.
  2. It enables organizations to continually use previously gained knowledge as they grow and even modify their systems.
  3. Faster data processing adds to the flexibility of data visualization, analytics, and intelligent decision-making.
  4. Reduces human efforts involved in solving high-value customer problems.
  5. It helps in discovering new business opportunities.


  1. It is difficult to understand how it works.
  2. Extra efforts needed to make optimum use of this software.
  3. It has lesser features of Natural Language Processing.

Apache Mahout:

Mainly it aims towards implementing and executing algorithms of statistics and mathematics. It’s mainly based on Scala and supports Python. It is an open-source project of Apache.
Apache Mahout is a mathematically expressive Scala DSL (Domain Specific Language).


  1. It is a distributed linear algebra framework and includes matrix and vector libraries.
  2. Common maths operations are executed using Java libraries
  3. Build scalable algorithms with an extensible framework.
  4. Implementing machine-learning techniques using this tool includes algorithms for regression, clustering, classification, and recommendation.
  5. Run it on top of Apache Hadoop with the help of the MapReduce paradigm.


  1. It is a simple and extensible programming environment and framework to build scalable algorithms.
  2. Best suited for large datasets processing.
  3. It eases the implementation of machine learning techniques.
  4. Run-on the top of Apache Hadoop using the MapReduce paradigm.
  5. It supports multiple backend systems.
  6. It includes matrix and vector libraries.
  7. Deploy large-scale learning algorithms using shortcodes.
  8. Provide fault tolerance if programming fails.


  1. Needs better documentation to benefit users.
  2. Several algorithms are missing this limits the developers.
  3. No enterprise support makes it less attractive for users.
  4. At times it shows sporadic performance.


It provides various algorithms and data structures for unified machine learning methods. Shogun is a tool written in C++, for large-scale learning, machine learning libraries are useful in education and research.


  1. Huge capacity to process samples is the main feature for programs with heavy processing of data.
  2. It provides support to vector machines for regression, dimensionality reduction, clustering, and classification.
  3. It helps in implementing Hidden Markov models.
  4. Provides Linear Discriminant Analysis.
  5. Supports programming languages such as Python, Java, R, Ruby, Octave, Scala, and Lua.


  1. It processes enormous data-sets extremely efficiently.
  2. Link to other tools for AI and ML and several libraries like LibSVM, LibLinear, etc.
  3. It provides interfaces for Python, Lua, Octave, Java, C#, C++, Ruby, MatLab, and R.
  4. Cost-effective implementation of all standard ML algorithms.
  5. Easily combine data presentations, algorithm classes, and general-purpose tools.


Some may find its API difficult to use.


It is an open-source tool for data mining and data analysis, developed in Python programming language. Scikit-Learn’s important features include clustering, classification, regression, dimensionality reduction, model selection, and pre-processing.


  1. Consistent and easy to use API is also easily accessible.
  2. Switching models of different contexts are easy if you learn the primary use and syntax of Scikit-Learn for one kind of model.
  3. It helps in data mining and data analysis.
  4. It provides models and algorithms for support vector machines, random forests, gradient boosting, and k-means.
  5. It is built on NumPy, SciPy, and matplotlib.
  6. BSD license lets you use commercially.


  1. Easily documentation is available.
  2. Call objects to change the parameters for any specific algorithm and no need to build the ML algorithms from scratch.
  3. Good speed while performing different benchmarks on model datasets.
  4. It easily integrates with other deep learning frameworks.


  1. Documentation for some functions is slightly limited hence challenging for beginners.
  2. Not every implemented algorithm is present.
  3. It needs high computation power.
  4. Recent algorithms such as XGBoost, Catboost, and LightGBM are missing.
  5. Scikit learns models take a long time to train, and they require data in specific formats to process accurately.
  6. Customization for the machine learning models is complicated.
AI and ML development

Final Thoughts:

Twitter, Facebook, Amazon, Google, Microsoft, and many other medium and large enterprises continuously use improved development tactics. They extensively use tools for AI and ML technology in their applications.

Various tools for AI and ML can ease software development and make the solutions effective to meet customer requirements. Make user-friendly mobile applications or other software that are potentially unique. Using Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning create intelligent solutions for improved human life. New algorithm creation, using computer vision and other technology and AI training requires skills and development of innovative solutions that need powerful tools.

Relationship between Big Data, Data Science and ML

Data is all over the place. Truth be told, the measure of advanced data that exists is developing at a fast rate, multiplying like clockwork, and changing the manner in which we live. Supposedly 2.5 billion GB of data was produced each day in 2012.

An article by Forbes states that Data is becoming quicker than any time in recent memory and constantly 2020, about 1.7MB of new data will be made each second for each person on the planet, which makes it critical to know the nuts and bolts of the field in any event. All things considered, here is the place of our future untruths.

Machine Learning, Data Science and Big Data are developing at a cosmic rate and organizations are presently searching for experts who can filter through the goldmine of data and help them drive quick business choices proficiently. IBM predicts that by 2020, the number of employments for all data experts will increment by 364,000 openings to 2,720,000

Big Data Analytics

Big Data

Enormous data is data yet with tremendous size. Huge Data is a term used to portray an accumulation of data that is enormous in size but then developing exponentially with time. In short such data is so huge and complex that none of the customary data the board devices can store it or procedure it productively.

Kinds Of Big Data

1. Structured

Any data that can be put away, got to and handled as a fixed organization is named as structured data. Over the timeframe, ability in software engineering has made more noteworthy progress in creating strategies for working with such sort of data (where the configuration is notable ahead of time) and furthermore determining an incentive out of it. Be that as it may, these days, we are predicting issues when the size of such data develops to an immense degree, regular sizes are being in the anger of different zettabytes.

2. Unstructured

Any data with obscure structure or the structure is delegated unstructured data. Notwithstanding the size being colossal, un-organized data represents various difficulties as far as its handling for inferring an incentive out of it. A regular case of unstructured data is a heterogeneous data source containing a blend of basic content records, pictures, recordings and so forth. Presently day associations have an abundance of data accessible with them yet lamentably, they don’t have a clue how to infer an incentive out of it since this data is in its crude structure or unstructured arrangement.

3. Semi-Structured

Semi-structured data can contain both types of data. We can see semi-organized data as organized in structure however it is really not characterized by for example a table definition in social DBMS. The case of semi-organized data is a data spoken to in an XML document.

Data Science

Data science is an idea used to handle huge data and incorporates data purifying readiness, and investigation. A data researcher accumulates data from numerous sources and applies AI, prescient investigation, and opinion examination to separate basic data from the gathered data collections. They comprehend data from a business perspective and can give precise expectations and experiences that can be utilized to control basic business choices.

Utilizations of Data Science:

  • Internet search: Search motors utilize data science calculations to convey the best outcomes for inquiry questions in a small number of seconds.
  • Digital Advertisements: The whole computerized showcasing range utilizes the data science calculations – from presentation pennants to advanced announcements. This is the mean explanation behind computerized promotions getting higher CTR than conventional ads.
  • Recommender frameworks: The recommender frameworks not just make it simple to discover pertinent items from billions of items accessible yet additionally adds a great deal to the client experience. Many organizations utilize this framework to advance their items and recommendations as per the client’s requests and the significance of data. The proposals depend on the client’s past list items

Machine Learning

It is the use of AI that gives frameworks the capacity to consequently take in and improve for a fact without being unequivocally customized. AI centers around the improvement of PC programs that can get to data and use it learn for themselves.

The way toward learning starts with perceptions or data, for example, models, direct involvement, or guidance, so as to search for examples in data and settle on better choices later on dependent on the models that we give. The essential point is to permit the PCs to adapt naturally without human mediation or help and alter activities as needs are.

ML is the logical investigation of calculations and factual models that PC frameworks use to play out a particular assignment without utilizing unequivocal guidelines, depending on examples and derivation. It is viewed as a subset of man-made reasoning. AI calculations fabricate a numerical model dependent on test data, known as “preparing data”, so as to settle on forecasts or choices without being expressly modified to play out the assignment.

The relationship between Big Data, Machine Learning and Data Science

Since data science is a wide term for various orders, AI fits inside data science. AI utilizes different methods, for example, relapse and directed bunching. Then again, the data’ in data science might possibly develop from a machine or a mechanical procedure. The principle distinction between the two is that data science as a more extensive term centers around calculations and measurements as well as deals with the whole data preparing procedure

Data science can be viewed as the consolidation of different parental orders, including data examination, programming building, data designing, AI, prescient investigation, data examination, and the sky is the limit from there. It incorporates recovery, accumulation, ingestion, and change of a lot of data, on the whole, known as large data.

Data science is in charge of carrying structure to huge data, scanning for convincing examples, and encouraging chiefs to get the progressions adequately to suit the business needs. Data examination and AI are two of the numerous devices and procedures that data science employments.

Data science, Big data, and AI are probably the most sought after areas in the business at the present time. A mix of the correct ranges of abilities and genuine experience can enable you to verify a solid profession in these slanting areas.

In this day and age of huge data, data is being refreshed considerably more every now and again, frequently progressively. Moreover, much progressively unstructured data, for example, discourse, messages, tweets, websites, etc. Another factor is that a lot of this data is regularly created autonomously of the association that needs to utilize it.

This is hazardous, in such a case that data is caught or created by an association itself, at that point they can control how that data is arranged and set up checks and controls to guarantee that the data is exact and complete. Nonetheless, in the event that data is being created from outside sources, at that point there are no ensures that the data is right.

Remotely sourced data is regularly “Untidy.” It requires a lot of work to clean it up and to get it into a useable organization. Moreover, there might be worries over the solidness and on-going accessibility of that data, which shows a business chance on the off chance that it turns out to be a piece of an association’s center basic leadership ability.

This means customary PC structures (Hardware and programming) that associations use for things like preparing deals exchanges, keeping up client record records, charging and obligation gathering, are not appropriate to putting away and dissecting the majority of the new and various kinds of data that are presently accessible.

Therefore, in the course of the most recent couple of years, an entire host of new and intriguing equipment and programming arrangements have been created to manage these new kinds of data.

Specifically, colossal data PC frameworks are great at:

  • Putting away gigantic measures of data:  Customary databases are constrained in the measure of data that they can hold at a sensible expense. Better approaches for putting away data as permitted a practically boundless extension in modest capacity limit.
  • Data cleaning and arranging:  Assorted and untidy data should be changed into a standard organization before it tends to be utilized for AI, the board detailing, or other data related errands.
  • Preparing data rapidly: Huge data isn’t just about there being more data. It should be prepared and broke down rapidly to be of most noteworthy use.

The issue with conventional PC frameworks wasn’t that there was any hypothetical obstruction to them undertaking the preparing required to use enormous data, yet by and by they were excessively moderate, excessively awkward and too costly to even consider doing so.

New data stockpiling and preparing ideal models, for example, have empowered assignments which would have taken weeks or months to procedure to be embraced in only a couple of hours, and at a small amount of the expense of progressively customary data handling draws near.

The manner in which these ideal models does this is to permit data and data handling to be spread crosswise over systems of modest work area PCs. In principle, a huge number of PCs can be associated together to convey enormous computational capacities that are similar to the biggest supercomputers in presence.

ML is the critical device that applies calculations to every one of that data and delivering prescient models that can disclose to you something about individuals’ conduct, in view of what has occurred before previously.

A decent method to consider the connection between huge data and AI is that the data is the crude material that feeds the AI procedure. The substantial advantage to a business is gotten from the prescient model(s) that turns out toward the part of the bargain, not the data used to develop it.


AI and enormous data are along these lines regularly discussed at the same moment, yet it is anything but a balanced relationship. You need AI to get the best out of huge data, yet you don’t require huge data to be capable use AI adequately. In the event that you have only a couple of things of data around a couple of hundred individuals at that point that is sufficient to start building prescient models and making valuable forecasts.